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Waterways

This page shows the value of the Waterways information field for all countries in the Country Guide.

Notes on this field are available at the Information Field Notes page.

Afghanistan

1,200 km; chiefly Amu Darya, which handles vessels up to about 500 DWT

Albania

43 km plus Albanian sections of Lake Scutari, Lake Ohrid, and Lake Prespa (1990)

Angola

1,295 km navigable

Argentina

10,950 km navigable

Armenia

NA km

Australia

8,368 km; mainly by small, shallow-draft craft

Austria

358 km (1999)

Bangladesh

5,150-8,046 km navigable waterways (includes 2,575-3,058 km main cargo routes)

Belarus

NA km; note - Belarus has extensive and widely used canal and river systems

Belgium

2,043 km (1,528 km in regular commercial use)

Belize

825 km river network used by shallow-draft craft; seasonally navigable

Benin

navigable along small sections, important only locally

Bolivia

10,000 km of commercially navigable waterways

Bosnia and Herzegovina

NA km; large sections of the Sava blocked by downed bridges, silt, and debris

Brazil

50,000 km navigable

Brunei

209 km; navigable by craft drawing less than 1.2 m

Bulgaria

470 km (1987)

Burundi

Lake Tanganyika

Cambodia

3,700 km navigable all year to craft drawing 0.6 m or less; 282 km navigable to craft drawing 1.8 m or less

Cameroon

2,090 km; of decreasing importance

Canada

3,000 km, including Saint Lawrence Seaway

Central African Republic

800 km; traditional trade carried on by means of shallow-draft dugouts; Oubangui is the most important river

Chad

2,000 km navigable

Chile

725 km

China

110,000 km navigable (1999)

Colombia

18,140 km, navigable by river boats (April 1996)

Congo, Democratic Republic of the

15,000 km including the Congo, its tributaries, and unconnected lakes

Congo, Republic of the

the Congo and Ubangi (Oubangui) rivers provide 1,120 km of commercially navigable water transport; other rivers are used for local traffic only

Costa Rica

about 730 km, seasonally navigable

Cote d'Ivoire

980 km navigable rivers, canals, and numerous coastal lagoons

Croatia

785 km perennially navigable; large sections of Sava blocked by downed bridges, silt, and debris

Cuba

240 km

Czech Republic

677 km; the Elbe (Labe) is the principal river

Denmark

417 km

Ecuador

1,500 km

Egypt

3,500 km (including the Nile, Lake Nasser, Alexandria-Cairo Waterway, and numerous smaller canals in the delta); Suez Canal, 193.5 km (including approaches), used by oceangoing vessels drawing up to 16.1 m of water

El Salvador

Rio Lempa partially navigable

Estonia

320 km perennially navigable

Fiji

203 km; 122 km navigable by motorized craft and 200-metric-ton barges

Finland

6,675 km total (including Saimaa Canal); 3,700 km suitable for steamers

France

14,932 km; 6,969 km heavily traveled

French Guiana

460 km, navigable by small oceangoing vessels and river and coastal steamers; 3,300 km navigable by native craft

Gabon

1,600 km perennially navigable

Gambia, The

400 km

Germany

7,500 km (1999); major rivers include the Rhine and Elbe; Kiel Canal is an important connection between the Baltic Sea and North Sea

Ghana

Volta, Ankobra, and Tano Rivers provide 168 km of perennial navigation for launches and lighters; Lake Volta provides 1,125 km of arterial and feeder waterways

Greece

80 km; system consists of three coastal canals; including the Corinth Canal (6 km) which crosses the Isthmus of Corinth connecting the Gulf of Corinth with the Saronic Gulf and shortens the sea voyage from the Adriatic to Peiraiefs (Piraeus) by 325 km; and three unconnected rivers

Guatemala

260 km navigable year round; additional 730 km navigable during high-water season

Guinea

1,295 km navigable by shallow-draft native craft

Guinea-Bissau

several rivers are accessible to coastal shipping

Guyana

5,900 km total of navigable waterways; Berbice, Demerara, and Essequibo Rivers are navigable by oceangoing vessels for 150 km, 100 km, and 80 km, respectively

Haiti

NEGL; less than 100 km navigable

Honduras

465 km navigable by small craft

Hungary

1,373 km permanently navigable (1997)

India

16,180 km; 3,631 km navigable by large vessels

Indonesia

21,579 km total; Sumatra 5,471 km, Java and Madura 820 km, Kalimantan 10,460 km, Sulawesi (Celebes) 241 km, Irian Jaya 4,587 km

Iran

904 km; the Shatt al Arab is usually navigable by maritime traffic for about 130 km; channel has been dredged to 3 m and is in use

Iraq

1,015 km; Shatt al Arab is usually navigable by maritime traffic for about 130 km; channel has been dredged to 3 m and is in use; Tigris and Euphrates Rivers have navigable sections for shallow-draft watercraft; Shatt al Basrah canal was navigable by shallow-draft craft before closing in 1991 because of the Gulf war

Ireland

700 km (limited for commercial traffic) (1998)

Italy

2,400 km for various types of commercial traffic, although of limited overall value

Japan

about 1,770 km; seagoing craft ply all coastal inland seas

Kazakhstan

3,900 km on the Syrdariya (Syr Darya) and Ertis (Irtysh)

Kenya

part of the Lake Victoria system is within the boundaries of Kenya

Kiribati

small network of canals, totaling 5 km, in Line Islands

Korea, North

2,253 km; mostly navigable by small craft only

Korea, South

1,609 km; use restricted to small native craft

Kyrgyzstan

600 km (1990)

Laos

about 4,587 km, primarily Mekong and tributaries; 2,897 additional km are sectionally navigable by craft drawing less than 0.5 m

Latvia

300 km perennially navigable

Libya

none

Lithuania

600 km perennially navigable

Luxembourg

37 km; Moselle

Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic of

none, lake transport only

Madagascar

of local importance only; isolated streams and small portions of Lakandranon' Ampangalana (Canal des Pangalanes)

Malawi

Lake Nyasa (Lake Malawi); Shire River, 144 km

Malaysia

7,296 km (Peninsular Malaysia 3,209 km, Sabah 1,569 km, Sarawak 2,518 km)

Mali

1,815 km navigable

Mauritania

mostly ferry traffic on the Senegal River

Mexico

2,900 km navigable rivers and coastal canals

Moldova

424 km (1994)

Mongolia

400 km of principal routes (1999)

Mozambique

about 3,750 km of navigable routes

Myanmar

12,800 km; 3,200 km navigable by large commercial vessels

Netherlands

5,046 km, of which 47% is usable by craft of 1,000 metric ton capacity or larger

New Zealand

1,609 km; of little importance to transportation

Nicaragua

2,220 km, including 2 large lakes

Niger

the Niger is navigable 300 km from Niamey to Gaya on the Benin frontier from mid-December through March

Nigeria

8,575 km consisting of the Niger and Benue rivers and smaller rivers and creeks

Northern Mariana Islands

none

Norway

1,577 km along west coast; navigable by 2.4 m draft vessels maximum

Panama

800 km navigable by shallow draft vessels; 82 km Panama Canal

Papua New Guinea

10,940 km

Paraguay

3,100 km

Peru

8,600 km of navigable tributaries of Amazon system and 208 km of Lago Titicaca

Philippines

3,219 km; limited to shallow-draft (less than 1.5 m) vessels

Poland

3,812 km navigable rivers and canals (1996)

Portugal

820 km navigable; relatively unimportant to national economy, used by shallow-draft craft limited to 300 metric-ton or less cargo capacity

Romania

1,724 km (1984)

Russia

total navigable routes in general use 101,000 km; routes with navigation guides serving the Russian River Fleet 95,900 km; routes with night navigational aids 60,400 km; man-made navigable routes 16,900 km (January 1994 est.)

Rwanda

Lac Kivu navigable by shallow-draft barges and native craft

Senegal

897 km total; 785 km on the Senegal river, and 112 km on the Saloum river

Serbia and Montenegro

587 km; Danube River runs through Serbia connecting Europe with the Black Sea; in early 2000 the river was obstructed at Novi Sad due to a pontoon bridge; a canal system in north Serbia is available to by-pass damage, however, lock size is limited (1999)

Sierra Leone

800 km; 600 km navigable year round

Slovakia

172 km on the Danube

Slovenia

NA

Spain

1,045 km, but of minor economic importance

Sri Lanka

430 km; navigable by shallow-draft craft

Sudan

5,310 km navigable

Suriname

1,200 km; most important means of transport; oceangoing vessels with drafts ranging up to 7 m can navigate many of the principal waterways

Sweden

2,052 km navigable for small steamers and barges

Switzerland

65 km; Rhine (Basel to Rheinfelden, Schaffhausen to Bodensee); 12 navigable lakes

Syria

870 km; minimal economic importance

Tanzania

Lake Tanganyika, Lake Victoria, Lake Nyasa

Thailand

3,999 km principal waterways; 3,701 km with navigable depths of 0.9 m or more throughout the year; numerous minor waterways navigable by shallow-draft native craft

Togo

50 km Mono river

Turkey

about 1,200 km

Turkmenistan

the Amu Darya is an important inland waterway

Uganda

Lake Victoria, Lake Albert, Lake Kyoga, Lake George, Lake Edward, Victoria Nile, Albert Nile

Ukraine

4,400 km navigable waterways, of which 1,672 km were on the Pryp'yat' and Dnistr (1990)

United Kingdom

3,200 km

United States

41,009 km of navigable inland channels, exclusive of the Great Lakes

Uruguay

1,600 km; used by coastal and shallow-draft river craft

Uzbekistan

1,100 (1990)

Venezuela

7,100 km; Rio Orinoco and Lago de Maracaibo accept oceangoing vessels

Vietnam

17,702 km navigable; more than 5,149 km navigable at all times by vessels up to 1.8 m draft

Wallis and Futuna

none

Zambia

2,250 km, including Zambezi and Luapula rivers, Lake Tanganyika

Zimbabwe

the Mazoe and Zambezi rivers are used for transporting chrome ore from Harare to Mozambique
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