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Unemployment rate

This page shows the value of the Unemployment rate information field for all countries in the Country Guide.

Notes on this field are available at the Information Field Notes page.

Afghanistan

8% (1995 est.)

Albania

14% (October 1997) officially, but may be as high as 28%

Algeria

30% (1999 est.)

American Samoa

12% (1991)

Andorra

0%

Angola

extensive unemployment and underemployment affecting more than half the population (1999 est.)

Anguilla

7% (1992 est.)

Antigua and Barbuda

7% (1999 est.)

Argentina

14% (December 1999)

Armenia

20% (1998 est.) (Note: official rate is 9.3% for 1998)

Aruba

0.6% (1996 est.)

Australia

7.5% (1999)

Austria

4.4% (1999)

Azerbaijan

20% (1999 est.)

Bahamas, The

9% (1998 est.)

Bahrain

15% (1998 est.)

Bangladesh

35.2% (1996)

Barbados

12% (1998 est.)

Belarus

2.3% officially registered unemployed (December 1998); large number of underemployed workers

Belgium

9% (1999 est.)

Belize

14.3% (1998)

Benin

NA%

Bermuda

NEGL% (1995)

Bhutan

NA%

Bolivia

11.4% (1997) with widespread underemployment

Bosnia and Herzegovina

35%-40% (1999 est.)

Botswana

20%-40% (1999 est.)

Brazil

7.5% (1999 est.)

British Virgin Islands

3% (1995)

Brunei

4.9% (1995 est.)

Bulgaria

15% (1999 est.)

Burkina Faso

NA%

Burundi

NA%

Cambodia

2.8% (1999 est.)

Cameroon

30% (1998 est.)

Canada

7.6% (1999)

Cape Verde

NA%

Cayman Islands

5.1% (1996)

Central African Republic

6% (1993)

Chad

NA%

Chile

9% (1999)

China

urban unemployment roughly 10%; substantial unemployment and underemployment in rural areas (1999 est.)

Christmas Island

NA%

Colombia

20% (1999 est.)

Comoros

20% (1996 est.)

Congo, Democratic Republic of the

NA%

Congo, Republic of the

NA%

Cook Islands

NA%

Costa Rica

5.6% (1998 est.); 7.5% underemployment

Cote d'Ivoire

NA%

Croatia

20% (1999 est.)

Cuba

6% (December 1999 est.)

Cyprus

Greek Cypriot area: 3.3% (1998 est.); Turkish Cypriot area: 6.4% (1997)

Czech Republic

9% (1999 est.)

Denmark

5.7% (1999 est.)

Djibouti

40%-50% (1996 est.)

Dominica

20% (1999 est.)

Dominican Republic

13.8% (1999 est.)

Ecuador

12% with widespread underemployment (November 1998 est.)

Egypt

11.8% (1999 est.)

El Salvador

7.7% (1997 est.)

Equatorial Guinea

30% (1998 est.)

Eritrea

NA%

Estonia

11.7% (1999 est.)

Ethiopia

NA%

Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas)

full employment; labor shortage

Faroe Islands

5% (1998 est.)

Fiji

6% (1997 est.)

Finland

10% (1999 est.)

France

11% (1999 est.)

French Guiana

21.4% (1998 est.)

French Polynesia

15% (1992 est.)

Gabon

21% (1997 est.)

Gambia, The

NA%

Gaza Strip

14.5% (includes West Bank) (1998 est.)

Georgia

14.5% (1998 est.)

Germany

10.5% (1999 est.)

Ghana

20% (1997 est.)

Gibraltar

13.5% (1996)

Greece

9.9% (1999 est.)

Greenland

10.5% (1995 est.)

Grenada

15% (1997)

Guadeloupe

27.8% (1998)

Guam

2% (1992 est.)

Guatemala

7.5% (1999 est.)

Guernsey

0.5% (1997 est.)

Guinea

NA%

Guinea-Bissau

NA%

Guyana

12% (1992 est.)

Haiti

70%; widespread underemployment; more than two-thirds of the labor force do not have formal jobs (1999)

Honduras

12% (1999); underemployed 30% (1997 est.)

Hong Kong

6% (1999 est.)

Hungary

10% (1999 est.)

Iceland

2.4% (1999 est.)

India

NA%

Indonesia

15%-20% (1998 est.)

Iran

25% (1999 est.)

Iraq

NA%

Ireland

5.5% (1999)

Israel

9.1% (1999 est.)

Italy

11.5% (1999 est.)

Jamaica

15.5% (1998)

Japan

4.7% (1999 est.)

Jersey

0.7% (1998 est.)

Jordan

15% official rate; actual rate is 25%-30% (1999 est.)

Kazakhstan

13.7% (1998 est.)

Kenya

50% (1998 est.)

Kiribati

2%; underemployment 70% (1992 est.)

Korea, North

NA%

Korea, South

6.3% (1999 est.)

Kuwait

1.8% (official 1996 est.)

Kyrgyzstan

6% (1998 est.)

Laos

5.7% (1997 est.)

Latvia

9.6% (1999 est.)

Lebanon

18% (1997 est.)

Lesotho

substantial unemployment and underemployment affecting more than half of the labor force (1999 est.)

Liberia

70%

Libya

30% (1998 est.)

Liechtenstein

1.8% (February 1999)

Lithuania

10% (1999)

Luxembourg

2.7% (1999 est.)

Macau

6.9% (1999)

Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic of

35% (1999 est.)

Madagascar

NA%

Malawi

NA%

Malaysia

3% (1999 est.)

Maldives

NEGL%

Mali

NA%

Malta

5.5% (September 1999)

Man, Isle of

0.7% (July 1999)

Marshall Islands

16% (1991 est.)

Martinique

24% (1997)

Mauritania

23% (1995 est.)

Mauritius

2% (1996 est.)

Mayotte

45% (1997)

Mexico

2.5% urban (1998); plus considerable underemployment

Micronesia, Federated States of

27% (1989)

Moldova

2% (includes only officially registered unemployed; large numbers of underemployed workers) (September 1998)

Monaco

3.1% (1998)

Mongolia

4.5% (1998)

Montserrat

20% (1996 est.)

Morocco

19% (1998 est.)

Mozambique

NA%

Myanmar

7.1% (official FY97/98 est.)

Namibia

30% to 40%, including underemployment (1997 est.)

Nauru

0%

Nepal

NA%; substantial underemployment (1999)

Netherlands

3.5% but generous welfare benefits have prompted large numbers to drop out of the labor market (1999 est.)

Netherlands Antilles

14.9% (1998 est.)

New Caledonia

15% (1994)

New Zealand

7% (1999 est.)

Nicaragua

10.5% (1999 est.); considerable underemployment

Niger

NA%

Nigeria

28% (1992 est.)

Niue

NA%

Norfolk Island

NA%

Northern Mariana Islands

14% (residents)

Norway

2.9% (1999 est.)

Oman

NA%

Pakistan

7% (FY98/99 est.)

Palau

7%

Panama

13.1% (1997 est.)

Papua New Guinea

NA%

Paraguay

12% (1998 est.)

Peru

7.7%; extensive underemployment (1997)

Philippines

9.6% (October 1998)

Pitcairn Islands

NA%

Poland

11% (1999 est.)

Portugal

4.6% (1999 est.)

Puerto Rico

13% (FY97/98 est.)

Qatar

NA%

Reunion

42.8% (1998)

Romania

11% (1999 est.)

Russia

12.4% (1999 est.), plus considerable underemployment

Rwanda

NA%

Saint Helena

18% (1996)

Saint Kitts and Nevis

4.5% (1997)

Saint Lucia

15% (1996 est.)

Saint Pierre and Miquelon

9.8% (1997)

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

22% (1997 est.)

Samoa

NA%

San Marino

3.6% (April 1996)

Sao Tome and Principe

50% in the formal business sector (1998 est.)

Saudi Arabia

NA%

Senegal

NA%; urban youth 40%

Serbia and Montenegro

30% (1999 est.)

Seychelles

NA%

Sierra Leone

NA%

Singapore

3.2% (1999 est.)

Slovakia

20% (1999 est.)

Slovenia

7.1% (1997 est.)

Solomon Islands

NA%

Somalia

NA%

South Africa

30% (1999 est.)

Spain

16% (1999 est.)

Sri Lanka

9.5% (1998 est.)

Sudan

30% (FY92/93 est.)

Suriname

20% (1997)

Swaziland

22% (1995 est.)

Sweden

5.5% plus about 5% in training programs (1999 est.)

Switzerland

2.8% (1999 est.)

Syria

12%-15% (1998 est.)

Taiwan

2.9% (1999 est.)

Tajikistan

5.7% includes only officially registered unemployed; also large numbers of underemployed workers and unregistered unemployed people (December 1998)

Tanzania

NA%

Thailand

4.5% (1998 est.)

Togo

NA%

Tokelau

NA%

Tonga

11.8% (FY93/94)

Trinidad and Tobago

14.2% (1998)

Tunisia

16.5% (1999 est.)

Turkey

7.3% plus underemployment of 6.9% (April 1999 est.)

Turkmenistan

NA%

Turks and Caicos Islands

10% (1997 est.)

Tuvalu

NA%

Uganda

NA%

Ukraine

4.3% officially registered; large number of unregistered or underemployed workers (December 1999)

United Arab Emirates

NA%

United Kingdom

6% (1999)

United States

4.2% (1999)

Uruguay

12% (1999)

Uzbekistan

5% plus another 10% underemployed (December 1996 est.)

Vanuatu

NA%

Venezuela

18% (1999 est.)

Vietnam

25% (1995 est.)

Virgin Islands

4.9% (March 1999)

Wallis and Futuna

NA%

West Bank

14.5% (includes Gaza Strip) (1998 est.)

Western Sahara

NA%

World

30% combined unemployment and underemployment in many non-industrialized countries; developed countries typically 4%-12% unemployment (1999 est.)

Yemen

30% (1995 est.)

Zambia

25% (1998)

Zimbabwe

50% (1999 est.)
 

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