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Labor force - by occupation

This page shows the value of the Labor force - by occupation information field for all countries in the Country Guide.

Notes on this field are available at the Information Field Notes page.

Afghanistan

agriculture 68%, industry 16%, services 16% (1980 est.)

Albania

agriculture 49.5%, industry and services 50.5%

Algeria

government 29.5%, agriculture 22%, construction and public works 16.2%, industry 13.6%, commerce and services 13.5%, transportation and communication 5.2% (1989)

American Samoa

government 33%, tuna canneries 34%, other 33% (1990)

Andorra

agriculture 1%, industry 21%, services 72%, other 6% (1998)

Angola

agriculture 85%, industry and services 15% (1997 est.)

Anguilla

commerce 36%, services 29%, construction 18%, transportation and utilities 10%, manufacturing 3%, agriculture/fishing/forestry/mining 4%

Antigua and Barbuda

commerce and services 82%, agriculture 11%, industry 7% (1983)

Argentina

agriculture NA%, industry NA%, services NA%

Armenia

agriculture 55%, services 25%, manufacturing, mining, and construction 20% (1999 est.)

Aruba

most employment is in wholesale and retail trade and repair, followed by hotels and restaurants (1997 est.)

Australia

services 73%, industry 22%, agriculture 5% (1997 est.)

Austria

services 68%, industry and crafts 29%, agriculture and forestry 3% (1999 est.)

Azerbaijan

agriculture and forestry 32%, industry and construction 15%, services 53% (1997)

Bahamas, The

tourism 40%, other services 50%, industry 5%, agriculture 5% (1995 est.)

Bahrain

industry, commerce, and service 79%, government 20%, agriculture 1% (1997 est.)

Bangladesh

agriculture 63%, services 26%, industry 11% (FY95/96)

Barbados

services 75%, industry 15%, agriculture 10% (1996 est.)

Belarus

industry and construction NA%, agriculture and forestry NA%, services NA%

Belgium

services 73%, industry 25%, agriculture 2% (1999 est.)

Belize

agriculture 38%, industry 32%, services 30% (1994)

Bermuda

clerical 23%, services 22%, laborers 17%, professional and technical 17%, administrative and managerial 12%, sales 7%, agriculture and fishing 2% (1996)

Bhutan

agriculture 93%, services 5%, industry and commerce 2%

Bolivia

agriculture NA%, industry NA%, services NA%

Bosnia and Herzegovina

agriculture NA%, industry NA%, services NA%

Botswana

100,000 public sector; 135,000 private sector, including 14,300 who are employed in various mines in South Africa; most others engaged in cattle raising and subsistence agriculture (1995 est.)

Brazil

services 42%, agriculture 31%, industry 27%

British Virgin Islands

agriculture NA%, industry NA%, services NA%

Brunei

government 48%, production of oil, natural gas, services, and construction 42%, agriculture, forestry, and fishing 10% (1999 est.)

Bulgaria

agriculture 26%, industry 31%, services 43% (1998 est.)

Burkina Faso

agriculture NA%, industry NA%, services NA%

Burundi

agriculture 93%, government 4%, industry and commerce 1.5%, services 1.5% (1983 est.)

Cambodia

agriculture 80% (1999 est.)

Cameroon

agriculture 70%, industry and commerce 13%, other 17%

Canada

services 75%, manufacturing 16%, construction 5%, agriculture 3%, other 1% (1997)

Cayman Islands

agriculture 1.4%, industry 12.6%, services 86% (1995)

Chad

agriculture 85% (subsistence farming, herding, and fishing)

Chile

agriculture 14%, industry 27%, services 59% (1997 est.)

China

agriculture 50%, industry 24%, services 26% (1998)

Christmas Island

tourism 400 people, mining 100 people (1995)

Cocos (Keeling) Islands

the Cocos Islands Cooperative Society Ltd. employs construction workers, stevedores, and lighterage worker operations; tourism employs others

Colombia

services 46%, agriculture 30%, industry 24% (1990)

Comoros

agriculture 80%, government 3%

Congo, Democratic Republic of the

agriculture 65%, industry 16%, services 19% (1991 est.)

Cook Islands

agriculture 29%, industry 15%, services 56% (1995)

Costa Rica

agriculture 20%, industry 22%, services 58% (1999 est.)

Croatia

agriculture NA%, industry NA%, services NA%

Cuba

agriculture 23%, industry 24%, services 53%

Cyprus

Greek Cypriot area: services 66.6%, industry 23.2%, agriculture 10.2% (1998); Turkish Cypriot area: services 55.4%, industry 21.6%, agriculture 23% (1997)

Czech Republic

industry 32%, agriculture 5.6%, construction 8.7%, transport and communications 6.9%, services 46.8% (1997 est.)

Denmark

services 71%, industry 25%, agriculture 4% (1997 est.)

Djibouti

agriculture 75%, industry 11%, services 14% (1991 est.)

Dominica

agriculture 40%, industry and commerce 32%, services 28%

Dominican Republic

services and government 58.7%, industry 24.3%, agriculture 17% (1998 est.)

Ecuador

agriculture 30%, industry 25%, services 45% (1999 est.)

Egypt

agriculture 40%, services 38%, industry 22% (1990 est.)

El Salvador

agriculture 30%, industry 15%, services 55% (1999 est.)

Eritrea

agriculture 80%, industry and commerce 20%

Estonia

industry 20%, agriculture and forestry 11%, services 69% (1999 est.)

Ethiopia

agriculture and animal husbandry 80%, government and services 12%, industry and construction 8% (1985)

Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas)

agriculture 95% (mostly sheepherding and fishing)

Faroe Islands

largely engaged in fishing, manufacturing, transportation, commerce

Fiji

subsistence agriculture 67%, wage earners 18%, salary earners 15% (1987)

Finland

public services 32%, industry 22%, commerce 14%, finance, insurance, and business services 10%, agriculture and forestry 8%, transport and communications 8%, construction 6%

France

services 69%, industry 26%, agriculture 5% (1995)

French Guiana

services, government, and commerce 60.6%, industry 21.2%, agriculture 18.2% (1980)

French Polynesia

agriculture 13%, industry 19%, services 68% (1997)

Gabon

agriculture 60%, services and government 25%, industry and commerce 15%

Gambia, The

agriculture 75%, industry, commerce, and services 19%, government 6%

Gaza Strip

services 66%, industry 21%, agriculture 13% (1996)

Georgia

industry and construction 20%, agriculture and forestry 40%, services 40% (1999 est.)

Germany

industry 33.7%, agriculture 2.7%, services 63.6% (1998)

Ghana

agriculture 60%, industry 15%, services 25% (1999 est.)

Gibraltar

services 60%, industry 40%, agriculture NEGL%

Greece

services 59.2%, agriculture 19.8%, industry 21% (1998)

Grenada

services 62%, agriculture 24%, industry 14% (1999 est.)

Guadeloupe

agriculture 15%, industry 17%, services 68% (1997)

Guam

federal and territorial government 31%, private 69% (trade 21%, services 33%, construction 12%, other 3%) (1995)

Guatemala

agriculture 50%, industry 15%, services 35% (1999 est.)

Guinea

agriculture 80%, industry and commerce 11%, services 5.4%, civil service 3.6%

Guinea-Bissau

agriculture 78%

Guyana

agriculture NA%, industry NA%, services NA%

Haiti

agriculture 66%, services 25%, industry 9%

Holy See (Vatican City)

agriculture NA%, industry NA%, services NA%; note - dignitaries, priests, nuns, guards, and 3,000 lay workers live outside the Vatican

Honduras

agriculture 29%, industry 21%, services 60% (1998 est.)

Hong Kong

wholesale and retail trade, restaurants, and hotels 31.9%, social services 9.9%, manufacturing 9.2%, financing, insurance, and real estate 13.1%, transport and communications 5.7%, construction 2.6%, other 27.6% (October 1998)

Hungary

services 65%, industry 27%, agriculture 8% (1996)

Iceland

manufacturing 12.9%, fishing and fish processing 11.8%, construction 10.7%, other services 59.5%, agriculture 5.1% (1999)

India

agriculture 67%, services 18%, industry 15% (1995 est.)

Indonesia

agriculture 45%, trade, restaurant, and hotel 19%, manufacturing 11%, transport and communications 5%, construction 4% (1998)

Iran

agriculture 33%, industry 25%, services 42% (1997 est.)

Iraq

agriculture NA%, industry NA%, services NA%

Ireland

services 63%, industry 28%, agriculture 9% (1999 est.)

Israel

public services 31.2%, manufacturing 20.2%, finance and business 13.1%, commerce 12.8%, construction 7.5%, personal and other services 6.4%, transport, storage, and communications 6.2%, agriculture, forestry, and fishing 2.6% (1996)

Italy

services 61%, industry 32%, agriculture 7% (1996)

Jamaica

services 60%, agriculture 21%, industry 19% (1998)

Japan

trade and services 65%, industry 30%, agriculture, forestry, and fishing 5%

Jordan

industry 11.4%, commerce, restaurants, and hotels 10.5%, construction 10%, transport and communications 8.7%, agriculture 7.4%, other services 52% (1992)

Kazakhstan

industry 27%, agriculture and forestry 23%, other 50% (1996)

Kenya

agriculture 75%-80%

Korea, North

agricultural 36%, nonagricultural 64%

Korea, South

services and other 68%, mining and manufacturing 20%, agriculture, fishing, forestry 12% (1998)

Kuwait

government and social services 50%, services 40%, industry and agriculture 10% (1996 est.)

Kyrgyzstan

agriculture and forestry 55%, industry 15%, services 30% (1999 est.)

Laos

agriculture 80% (1997 est.)

Latvia

agriculture and forestry 16%, industry 41%, services 43% (1990)

Lebanon

services 62%, industry 31%, agriculture 7% (1997 est.)

Lesotho

86% of resident population engaged in subsistence agriculture; roughly 35% of the active male wage earners work in South Africa

Liberia

agriculture 70%, industry 8%, services 22% (1999 est.)

Libya

services and government 54%, industry 29%, agriculture 17% (1997 est.)

Liechtenstein

industry, trade, and building 45%, services 53%, agriculture, fishing, forestry, and horticulture 2% (1997 est.)

Lithuania

industry 30%, agriculture 20%, services 50% (1997 est.)

Luxembourg

services 83.2%, industry 14.3%, agriculture 2.5% (1998 est.)

Macau

industry 31%, restaurants and hotels 28%, other services 41%

Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic of

agriculture NA%, industry NA%, services NA%

Malawi

agriculture 86%, wage earners 14% (1990 est.)

Malaysia

manufacturing 27%, agriculture, forestry, and fisheries 16%, local trade and tourism 17%, services 15%, government 10%, construction 9% (1999 est.)

Maldives

agriculture 22%, industry 18%, services 60% (1995)

Mali

agriculture and fishing 80% (1998 est.)

Malta

industry 24%, services 71%, agriculture 5% (1999 est.)

Man, Isle of

agriculture, forestry and fishing 3%, manufacturing 11%, construction 10%, transport and communication 8%, wholesale and retail distribution 11%, professional and scientific services 18%, public administration 6%, banking and finance 18%, tourism 2%, entertainment and catering 3%, miscellaneous services 10%

Marshall Islands

agriculture NA%, industry NA%, services NA%

Martinique

agriculture 10%, industry 17%, services 73% (1997)

Mauritania

agriculture 47%, services 39%, industry 14%

Mauritius

construction and industry 36%, services 24%, agriculture and fishing 14%, trade, restaurants, hotels 16%, transportation and communication 7%, finance 3% (1995)

Mexico

agriculture 24%, industry 21%, services 55% (1997)

Micronesia, Federated States of

two-thirds are government employees

Moldova

agriculture 40.2%, industry 14.3%, other 45.5% (1998)

Mongolia

primarily herding/agricultural

Montserrat

agriculture NA%, industry NA%, services NA%

Morocco

agriculture 50%, services 35%, industry 15% (1999 est.)

Mozambique

agriculture 81%, industry 6%, services 13% (1997 est.)

Myanmar

agriculture 65%, industry 10%, services 25% (1999 est.)

Namibia

agriculture 47%, industry 25%, services 28% (1999 est.)

Nauru

employed in mining phosphates, public administration, education, and transportation

Nepal

agriculture 81%, services 16%, industry 3%

Netherlands

services 73%, industry 23%, agriculture 4% (1998 est.)

Netherlands Antilles

agriculture 1%, industry 13%, services 86% (1994 est.)

New Caledonia

agriculture 7%, industry 23%, services 70% (1999 est.)

New Zealand

services 65%, industry 25%, agriculture 10% (1995)

Nicaragua

services 43%, agriculture 42%, industry 15% (1999 est.)

Niger

agriculture 90%, industry and commerce 6%, government 4%

Nigeria

agriculture 54%, industry 6%, services 40% (1999 est.)

Niue

most work on family plantations; paid work exists only in government service, small industry, and the Niue Development Board

Norfolk Island

tourism NA%, subsistence agriculture NA%

Northern Mariana Islands

managerial 20.5%, technical, sales 16.4%, services 19.3%, farming 3.1%, precision production 13.8%, operators, fabricators 26.9%

Norway

services 74%, industry 22%, agriculture, forestry, and fishing 4% (1995)

Oman

agriculture NA%, industry NA%, services NA%

Pakistan

agriculture 44%, industry 17%, services 39% (1999 est.)

Palau

agriculture NA%, industry NA%, services NA%

Panama

agriculture 18%, industry 18%, services 64% (1997 est.)

Papua New Guinea

agriculture NA%, industry NA%, services NA%

Paraguay

agriculture 45%

Peru

agriculture, mining and quarrying, manufacturing, construction, transport, services

Philippines

agriculture 39.8%, government and social services 19.4%, services 17.7%, manufacturing 9.8%, construction 5.8%, other 7.5% (1998 est.)

Pitcairn Islands

no business community in the usual sense; some public works; subsistence farming and fishing

Poland

industry 25%, agriculture 25%, services 50% (1999 est.)

Portugal

services 60%, industry 30%, agriculture 10% (1999 est.)

Puerto Rico

agriculture 3%, industry 20%, services 77% (1999 est.)

Reunion

agriculture 8%, industry 19%, services 73% (1990)

Romania

agriculture 36.5%, industry 34.4%, services 29.1% (1994)

Russia

agriculture 15%, industry 30%, services 55% (1999 est.)

Rwanda

agriculture 90%, government and services, industry and commerce

Saint Helena

farmers and fishermen 6%, industry (mainly construction) 48%, services 46% (1987 est.)

Saint Kitts and Nevis

NA

Saint Lucia

agriculture 43.4%, services 38.9%, industry and commerce 17.7% (1983 est.)

Saint Pierre and Miquelon

fishing 18%, industry (mainly fish-processing) 41%, services 41% (1996 est.)

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

agriculture 26%, industry 17%, services 57% (1980 est.)

Samoa

agriculture 65%, services 30%, industry 5% (1995 est.)

San Marino

services 60%, industry 38%, agriculture 2% (1998 est.)

Sao Tome and Principe

population mainly engaged in subsistence agriculture and fishing (Note: shortages of skilled workers)

Saudi Arabia

agriculture 12%, industry 25%, services 63% (1999 est.)

Senegal

agriculture 60%

Serbia and Montenegro

agriculture NA%, industry NA%, services NA%

Seychelles

industry 19%, services 57%, government 14%, fishing, agriculture, and forestry 10% (1989)

Sierra Leone

agriculture NA%, industry NA%, services NA%

Singapore

financial, business, and other services 38%, manufacturing 21.6%, commerce 21.4%, construction 7%, other 12%

Slovakia

industry 29.3%, agriculture 8.9%, construction 8%, transport and communication 8.2%, services 45.6% (1994)

Slovenia

agriculture NA%, industry NA%, services NA%

Solomon Islands

agriculture NA%, industry NA%, services NA%

Somalia

agriculture (mostly pastoral nomadism) 71%, industry and services 29%

South Africa

agriculture 30%, industry 25%, services 45% (1999 est.)

Spain

services 64%, manufacturing, mining, and construction 28%, agriculture 8% (1997 est.)

Sri Lanka

services 45%, agriculture 38%, industry 17% (1998 est.)

Sudan

agriculture 80%, industry and commerce 10%, government 6%, unemployed 4%

Suriname

agriculture NA%, industry NA%, services NA%

Swaziland

private sector about 70%, public sector about 30%

Sweden

agriculture 2%, industry 24%, services 74% (1999 est.)

Switzerland

services 67%, industry 28%, agriculture and forestry 5% (1996 est.)

Syria

agriculture 40%, industry 20%, services 40% (1996 est.)

Taiwan

services 55%, industry 37%, agriculture 8% (1999 est.)

Tajikistan

agriculture and forestry 50%, industry 20%, services 30% (1997 est.)

Tanzania

agriculture 90%, industry and commerce 10% (1995 est.)

Thailand

agriculture 54%, industry 15%, services 31% (1996 est.)

Togo

agriculture 65%, industry 5%, services 30% (1998 est.)

Tonga

agriculture 65% (1997 est.)

Trinidad and Tobago

construction and utilities 12.4%, manufacturing, mining, and quarrying 14%, agriculture 9.5%, services 64.1% (1997 est.)

Tunisia

services 55%, industry 23%, agriculture 22% (1995 est.)

Turkey

agriculture 45.8%, services 33.7%, industry 20.5% (April 1999)

Turkmenistan

agriculture and forestry 44%, industry and construction 19%, other 37% (1996)

Turks and Caicos Islands

about 33% in government and 20% in agriculture and fishing; significant numbers in tourism, financial, and other services (1997 est.)

Tuvalu

people make a living mainly through exploitation of the sea, reefs, and atolls and from wages sent home by those working abroad (mostly workers in the phosphate industry and sailors)

Uganda

agriculture 82%, industry 5%, services 13% (1999 est.)

Ukraine

industry and construction 32%, agriculture and forestry 24%, health, education, and culture 17%, trade and distribution 8%, transport and communication 7%, other 12% (1996)

United Arab Emirates

services 60%, industry 32%, agriculture 8% (1996 est.)

United Kingdom

services 68.9%, manufacturing and construction 17.5%, government 11.3%, energy 1.2%, agriculture 1.1% (1996)

United States

managerial and professional 30.3%, technical, sales and administrative support 29.2%, services 13.4%, manufacturing, mining, transportation, and crafts 24.5%, farming, forestry, and fishing 2.6% (1999) (Note: figures exclude the unemployed)

Uruguay

agriculture NA%, industry NA%, services NA%

Uzbekistan

agriculture and forestry 44%, industry 20%, services 36% (1995)

Vanuatu

agriculture 65%, services 32%, industry 3% (1995 est.)

Venezuela

services 64%, industry 23%, agriculture 13% (1997 est.)

Vietnam

agriculture 67%, industry and services 33% (1997 est.)

Virgin Islands

agriculture 1%, industry 20%, services 79% (1990 est.)

Wallis and Futuna

agriculture, livestock, and fishing 80%, government 4% (est.)

West Bank

agriculture 13%, industry 13%, commerce, restaurants, and hotels 12%, construction 8%, other services 54% (1996)

Western Sahara

animal husbandry and subsistence farming 50%

World

agricultue NA%, industry NA%, services NA%

Yemen

most people are employed in agriculture and herding or as expatriate laborers; services, construction, industry, and commerce account for less than one-half of the labor force

Zambia

agriculture 85%, industry 6%, services 9%

Zimbabwe

agriculture 66%, services 24%, industry 10% (1996 est.)
 

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