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Labor force

This page shows the value of the Labor force information field for all countries in the Country Guide.

Notes on this field are available at the Information Field Notes page.

Afghanistan

8 million (1997 est.)

Albania

1.692 million (including 352,000 emigrant workers and 261,000 domestically unemployed) (1994 est.)

Algeria

9.1 million (2000 est.)

American Samoa

13,949 (1996)

Andorra

30,787 salaried employees (1998)

Angola

5 million (1997 est.)

Anguilla

4,400 (1992)

Antigua and Barbuda

30,000

Argentina

15 million (1999)

Armenia

1.5 million (1999)

Aruba

41,501 (1997 est.)

Australia

8.9 million (December 1999)

Austria

3.7 million (1999)

Azerbaijan

2.9 million (1997)

Bahamas, The

148,000 (1996)

Bahrain

295,000 (1998 est.) (Note: 44% of the population in the 15-64 age group is non-national (July 1998 est.))

Bangladesh

56 million (1995-96) (Note: extensive export of labor to Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, UAE, Oman, Qatar, Malaysia, and Singapore)

Barbados

136,000 (1998 est.)

Belarus

4.3 million (1998)

Belgium

4.341 million (1999)

Belize

71,000 (Note: shortage of skilled labor and all types of technical personnel (1997 est.))

Benin

NA

Bermuda

35,296 (1997)

Bhutan

NA (Note: massive lack of skilled labor)

Bolivia

2.5 million

Bosnia and Herzegovina

1.026 million

Botswana

235,000 formal sector employees (1995)

Brazil

74 million (1997 est.)

British Virgin Islands

4,911 (1980)

Brunei

144,000 (1995 est.); note - includes foreign workers and military personnel (Note: temporary residents make up 41% of labor force (1991))

Bulgaria

3.82 million (1998 est.)

Burkina Faso

4.679 million (persons 10 years old and over, according to a sample survey taken in 1991) (Note: a large part of the male labor force migrates annually to neighboring countries for seasonal employment)

Burundi

1.9 million

Cambodia

6 million (1998 est.)

Cameroon

NA

Canada

15.9 million (1999)

Cape Verde

NA

Cayman Islands

19,820 (1995)

Central African Republic

NA

Chad

NA

Chile

5.8 million (1999 est.)

China

700 million (1998 est.)

Christmas Island

NA

Cocos (Keeling) Islands

NA

Colombia

16.8 million (1997 est.)

Comoros

144,500 (1996 est.)

Congo, Democratic Republic of the

14.51 million (1993 est.)

Congo, Republic of the

NA

Cook Islands

6,601 (1993)

Costa Rica

1.377 million (1998)

Cote d'Ivoire

NA

Croatia

1.65 million (1999)

Cuba

4.5 million economically active population (Note: state sector 76%, non-state sector 24% (1996 est.))

Cyprus

Greek Cypriot area: 289,400; Turkish Cypriot area: 80,200 (1998)

Czech Republic

5.203 million (1999 est.)

Denmark

2.896 million

Djibouti

282,000

Dominica

25,000

Dominican Republic

2.3 million to 2.6 million

Ecuador

4.2 million

Egypt

19 million (1999 est.)

El Salvador

2.35 million (1999)

Equatorial Guinea

NA

Eritrea

NA

Estonia

785,500 (1999 est.)

Ethiopia

NA

Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas)

1,100 (est.)

Faroe Islands

20,500 (1996 est.)

Fiji

235,000

Finland

2.533 million

France

25.4 million (1994)

French Guiana

58,800 (1997)

French Polynesia

118,744 (of which 70,044 are employed) (1988)

Gabon

600,000

Gambia, The

400,000

Gaza Strip

NA

Georgia

3.08 million (1997)

Germany

40.5 million (1999 est.)

Ghana

4 million

Gibraltar

14,800 (including non-Gibraltar laborers)

Greece

4.32 million (1999 est.)

Greenland

24,500 (1995 est.)

Grenada

42,300 (1996)

Guadeloupe

125,900 (1997)

Guam

65,660 (1995)

Guatemala

3.32 million (1997 est.)

Guernsey

NA

Guinea

2.4 million (1983)

Guinea-Bissau

480,000

Guyana

245,492 (1992)

Haiti

3.6 million (1995) (Note: shortage of skilled labor, unskilled labor abundant (1998))

Holy See (Vatican City)

NA

Honduras

2.3 million (1997 est.)

Hong Kong

3.36 million (1998 est.)

Hungary

4.2 million (1997)

Iceland

131,000 (1999)

India

NA

Indonesia

88 million (1998)

Iran

15.4 million (Note: shortage of skilled labor)

Iraq

4.4 million (1989)

Ireland

1.77 million (1999 est.)

Israel

2.3 million (1997)

Italy

23.193 million

Jamaica

1.13 million (1998)

Japan

67.76 million (November 1999)

Jersey

57,050 (1996)

Jordan

1.15 million (Note: in addition, at least 300,000 workers are employed abroad (1997 est.))

Kazakhstan

8.8 million (1997)

Kenya

9.2 million (1998 est.)

Kiribati

7,870 economically active, not including subsistence farmers (1985 est.)

Korea, North

9.6 million

Korea, South

22 million (1998)

Kuwait

1.3 million (1998 est.) (Note: 68% of the population in the 15-64 age group is non-national (July 1998 est.))

Kyrgyzstan

1.7 million

Laos

1 million - 1.5 million

Latvia

1.4 million (1997)

Lebanon

1.3 million (1999 est.) (Note: in addition, there are as many as 1 million foreign workers (1997 est.))

Lesotho

689,000 economically active

Libya

1.2 million (1997 est.)

Liechtenstein

22,891 of which 13,847 are foreigners; 8,231 commute from Austria and Switzerland to work each day

Lithuania

1.8 million

Luxembourg

236,400 (one-third of labor force is foreign workers, mostly from Portugal, Italy, France, Belgium, and Germany) (1998 est.)

Macau

281,117 (1998)

Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic of

673,000 (1995 est.)

Madagascar

7 million (1995)

Malawi

3.5 million

Malaysia

9.3 million (1999 est.)

Maldives

67,000 (1995)

Mali

NA

Malta

143,700 (October 1997)

Man, Isle of

36,610 (1998)

Marshall Islands

NA

Martinique

170,000 (1997)

Mauritania

465,000 (1981 est.); 45,000 wage earners (1980)

Mauritius

514,000 (1995)

Mayotte

NA

Mexico

38.6 million (1999)

Micronesia, Federated States of

NA

Moldova

1.7 million (1998)

Monaco

30,540 (January 1994)

Mongolia

1.256 million (1998)

Montserrat

4,521 (1992); note - recently lowered by flight of people from volcanic activity

Morocco

11 million (1997 est.)

Mozambique

NA

Myanmar

19.7 million (FY98/99 est.)

Namibia

500,000

Nepal

10 million (1996 est.) (Note: severe lack of skilled labor)

Netherlands

7 million (1998 est.)

Netherlands Antilles

89,000

New Caledonia

79,395 (including 15, 018 unemployed, 1996)

New Zealand

1.86 million (1998)

Nicaragua

1.7 million (1999)

Niger

70,000 receive regular wages or salaries

Nigeria

42.844 million

Niue

450 (1992 est.)

Norfolk Island

1,395 (1991 est.)

Northern Mariana Islands

6,006 total indigenous labor force; 2,699 unemployed; 28,717 foreign workers (1995)

Norway

2.7 million (1999 est.)

Oman

850,000 (1997 est.)

Pakistan

38.6 million (1999) (Note: extensive export of labor, mostly to the Middle East, and use of child labor)

Palau

NA

Panama

1.044 million (1997 est.) (Note: shortage of skilled labor, but an oversupply of unskilled labor)

Papua New Guinea

1.941 million

Paraguay

1.7 million (1996)

Peru

7.6 million (1996 est.)

Philippines

32 million (1999 est.)

Pitcairn Islands

12 able-bodied men (1997)

Poland

15.3 million (1998 est.)

Portugal

4.75 million (1998 est.)

Puerto Rico

1.3 million (1996)

Qatar

233,000 (1993 est.)

Reunion

261,000 (1995)

Romania

9.6 million (1998 est.)

Russia

66 million (1997)

Rwanda

3.6 million

Saint Helena

2,416 (1991 est.) (Note: a large proportion of the work force has left to seek employment overseas)

Saint Kitts and Nevis

18,172 (June 1995)

Saint Lucia

43,800

Saint Pierre and Miquelon

3,000 (1997)

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

67,000 (1984 est.)

Samoa

82,500 (1991 est.)

San Marino

15,600 (1995)

Sao Tome and Principe

NA

Saudi Arabia

7 million (Note: 35% of the population in the 15-64 age group is non-national (July 1998 est.))

Senegal

NA

Serbia and Montenegro

1.6 million (1999 est.)

Seychelles

26,000 (1996)

Sierra Leone

1.369 million (1981 est.) (Note: only about 65,000 wage earners (1985))

Singapore

1.932 million (1998)

Slovakia

3.32 million (1997)

Slovenia

857,400

Solomon Islands

26,842

Somalia

3.7 million (very few are skilled laborers)(1993 est.)

South Africa

15 million economically active (1997)

Spain

16.2 million (1997 est.)

Sri Lanka

6.6 million (1998)

Sudan

11 million (1996 est.) (Note: labor shortages for almost all categories of skilled employment (1983 est.))

Suriname

100,000

Svalbard

NA

Swaziland

NA

Sweden

4.3 million (1996)

Switzerland

3.8 million (956,000 foreign workers, mostly Italian) (1996 est.)

Syria

4.7 million (1998 est.)

Taiwan

9.7 million (1999 est.)

Tajikistan

1.9 million (1996)

Tanzania

13.495 million

Thailand

32.6 million (1997 est.)

Togo

1.538 million (1993 est.)

Tokelau

NA

Tonga

36,665 (1994)

Trinidad and Tobago

558,700 (1998)

Tunisia

3 million (1997 est.) (Note: shortage of skilled labor)

Turkey

23.8 million (April 1999) (Note: about 1.5 million Turks work abroad (1994))

Turkmenistan

2.34 million (1996)

Turks and Caicos Islands

4,848 (1990 est.)

Tuvalu

NA

Uganda

8.361 million (1993 est.)

Ukraine

22.8 million (yearend 1997)

United Arab Emirates

1.38 million (1998 est.) (Note: 75% of the population in the 15-64 age group is non-national (July 1998 est.))

United Kingdom

29.2 million (1999)

United States

139.4 million (includes unemployed) (1999)

Uruguay

1.38 million (1997 est.)

Uzbekistan

11.9 million (1998 est.)

Vanuatu

NA

Venezuela

9.9 million (1999)

Vietnam

38.2 million (1998 est.)

Virgin Islands

47,443 (1990 est.)

Wallis and Futuna

NA

West Bank

NA

Western Sahara

12,000

World

NA

Yemen

NA

Zambia

3.4 million

Zimbabwe

5 million (1997 est.)
 

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Site Version 1.75 - Last updated Wednesday, December 20, 2006 at 9:44AM PST on host Saturn

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