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Legislative branch / elections

This page shows the value of the Legislative branch / elections information field for all countries in the Country Guide.

Notes on this field are available at the Information Field Notes page.

Albania

last held 29 June 1997 (next to be held NA 2001)

Algeria

National People's Assembly - last held 5 June 1997 (next to be held NA 2001); elections for two-thirds of the Council of Nations - last held 25 December 1997 (next to be held NA 2003)

American Samoa

House of Representatives - last held NA November 1998 (next to be held NA November 2000); Senate - last held 3 November 1996 (next to be held 7 November 2000)

Andorra

last held 16 February 1997 (next to be held NA February 2001)

Angola

last held 29-30 September 1992 (next to be held NA)

Anguilla

last held 4 March 1999 (next to be held 10 March 2004)

Antigua and Barbuda

House of Representatives - last held 9 March 1999 (next to be held NA March 2004)

Argentina

Senate - transition phase will begin in 2001 elections when all seats will be fully contested; winners will randomly draw to determine whether they will serve a two-year, four-year, or full six-year term, beginning a rotating cycle renovating a third of the body every two years; Chamber of Deputies - last held 24 October 1999 (next to be held NA October 2001)

Armenia

last held 30 May 1999 (next to be held in the spring of 2003)

Aruba

last held 12 December 1997 (next to be held by NA December 2001)

Australia

Senate - last held 3 October 1998 (next to be held by October 2001); House of Representatives - last held 3 October 1998 (next to be held by October 2001)

Austria

National Council - last held 3 October 1999 (next to be held in the fall of 2003)

Azerbaijan

last held 12 and 26 November 1995 (next to be held NA 2000)

Bahamas, The

last held 14 March 1997 (next to be held by March 2002)

Bangladesh

last held 12 June 1996 (next to be held NA 2001)

Barbados

House of Assembly - last held 20 January 1999 (next to be held by January 2004)

Belarus

last held May and November-December 1995 (two rounds, each with a run-off; disbanded after the November 1996 referendum; next to be held NA)

Belgium

Senate and Chamber of Deputies - last held 13 June 1999 (next to be held in NA 2003)

Belize

House of Representatives - last held 27 August 1998 (next to be held NA August 2003)

Benin

last held 28 March 1999 (next to be held NA March 2003)

Bermuda

last held 9 November 1998 (next to be held NA November 2003)

Bhutan

last held NA (next to be held NA)

Bolivia

Chamber of Senators and Chamber of Deputies - last held 1 June 1997 (next to be held June 2002)

Bosnia and Herzegovina

National House of Representatives - elections last held 12-13 September 1998 (next to be held in fall 2000); House of Peoples - last constituted 4 December 1998 (next to be constituted in fall 2000)

Botswana

National Assembly - elections last held 16 October 1999 (next to be held NA October 2004)

Brazil

Federal Senate - last held 4 October 1998 for one-third of Senate (next to be held NA October 2002 for two-thirds of the Senate); Chamber of Deputies - last held 4 October 1998 (next to be held NA October 2002)

British Virgin Islands

last held 20 February 1995 (next to be held NA February 2000)

Brunei

last held in March 1962 (Note: in 1970 the Council was changed to an appointive body by decree of the monarch; an elected Legislative Council is being considered as part of constitutional reform, but elections are unlikely for several years)

Bulgaria

last held 19 April 1997 (next to be held NA 2001)

Burkina Faso

National Assembly election last held 11 May 1997 (next to be held NA 2002)

Burundi

last held 29 June 1993 (next was scheduled to be held in 1998, but suspended by presidential decree in 1996)

Cambodia

National Assembly - last held 26 July 1998 (next to be held NA 2003); Senate - last held 2 March 1999 (next to be held NA 2004)

Cameroon

last held 11 May 1997 (next to be held NA 2002)

Canada

House of Commons - last held 2 June 1997 (next to be held by NA June 2002)

Cape Verde

last held 17 December 1995 (next to be held NA December 2000)

Cayman Islands

last held 20 November 1996 (next to be held NA November 2000)

Central African Republic

last held 22-23 November and 13 December 1998 (next to be held NA 2003)

Chad

National Assembly - last held in two rounds on 5 January and 23 February 1997 (next to be held NA 2001); in the first round of voting some candidates won clear victories by receiving 50% or more of the vote; where that did not happen, the two highest scoring candidates stood for a second round of voting

Chile

Senate - last held 11 December 1997 (next to be held NA December 2001); Chamber of Deputies - last held 11 December 1997 (next to be held NA December 2001)

China

last held NA December 1997-NA February 1998 (next to be held late 2002-NA March 2003)

Christmas Island

last held NA December 1999 (next to be held NA December 2000)

Colombia

Senate - last held NA March 1998 (next to be held NA March 2002); House of Representatives - last held NA March 1998 (next to be held NA March 2002)

Comoros

Federal Assembly - last held 1 and 8 December 1996 (next to be held NA)

Congo, Democratic Republic of the

the country's first multi-party presidential and legislative elections had been scheduled for May 1997 but were not held; instead KABILA overthrew the MOBUTU government and seized control of the country

Congo, Republic of the

National Transitional Council - last held NA January 1998 (next to be held NA 2001); note - at that election the National Transitional Council is to be replaced by a bicameral assembly

Cook Islands

last held NA June 1999 (next to be held by NA 2004)

Costa Rica

last held 1 February 1998 (next to be held 2 February 2002)

Cote d'Ivoire

elections last held 27 November 1995 (next to be held NA)

Croatia

House of Counties - last held 13 April 1997 (next to be held NA 2001); House of Representatives - last held 2-3 January 2000 (next to be held NA 2004)

Cuba

last held 11 January 1998 (next to be held in 2003)

Cyprus

Greek Cypriot area: last held 26 May 1996 (next to be held May 2001); Turkish Cypriot area: last held 6 December 1998 (next to be held December 2003)

Czech Republic

Senate - last held 13-14 and 20-21 November 1998 (next to be held NA November 2000 - to replace/reelect 20 senators serving two-year terms); Chamber of Deputies - last held 19-20 June 1998 (next to be held by NA June 2002)

Denmark

last held 11 March 1998 (next to be held NA 2002)

Djibouti

last held 19 December 1997 (next to be held NA 2002)

Dominica

last held 31 January 2000 (next to be held by NA 2005)

Dominican Republic

Senate - last held 16 May 1998 (next to be held NA May 2002); Chamber of Deputies - last held 16 May 1998 (next to be held NA May 2002)

Ecuador

last held 31 May 1998 (next to be held NA 2002)

Egypt

People's Assembly - last held 29 November 1995 (next to be held NA November 2000); Advisory Council - last held 7 June 1995 (next to be held NA)

El Salvador

last held 16 March 1997 (next to be held 12 March 2000)

Equatorial Guinea

last held 7 March 1999 (next to be held NA 2004)

Eritrea

in May 1997, following the adoption of the new constitution, 75 members of the PFDJ Central Committee (the old Central Committee of the EPLF), 60 members of the 527-member Constituent Assembly which had been established in 1997 to discuss and ratify the new constitution, and 15 representatives of Eritreans living abroad were formed into a Transitional National Assembly to serve as the country's legislative body until country-wide elections to a National Assembly are held; only 75 members will be elected to the National Assembly - the other 75 will be members of the Central Committee of the PFDJ

Estonia

last held 7 March 1999 (next to be held NA March 2003)

Ethiopia

regional and national popular elections were held in May and June 1995 (next to be held NA May 2000)

Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas)

last held 9 October 1997 (next to be held NA October 2001)

Faroe Islands

last held 30 April 1998 (next to be held by NA July 2002)

Fiji

House of Representatives - last held 11 May 1999 (next to be held NA May 2004)

Finland

last held 21 March 1999 (next to be held NA March 2003)

France

Senate - last held 27 September 1998 (next to be held September 2001); National Assembly - last held 25 May-1 June 1997 (next to be held NA May 2002)

French Guiana

General Council - last held 20-27 March 1994 (next to be held NA 2000); Regional Council - last held 15 March 1998 (next to be held NA 2004)

French Polynesia

last held 12 May 1996 (next to be held NA 2001)

Gabon

National Assembly - last held 15 and 29 December 1996 (next to be held NA December 2001); Senate - last held 26 January and 9 February 1997 (next to be held in January 2002)

Gambia, The

last popular election held 2 January 1997 (next to be held NA 2002)

Georgia

last held 31 October 1999 (next to be held NA 2003)

Germany

Federal Assembly - last held 27 September 1998 (next to be held by the fall of 2002); note - there are no elections for the Bundesrat; composition is determined by the composition of the state-level governments; the composition of the Bundesrat has the potential to change any time one of the 16 states holds an election

Ghana

last held 7 December 1996 (next to be held NA December 2000)

Gibraltar

last held 10 February 2000 (next to be held NA 2004)

Greece

elections last held 9 April 2000 (next to be held by NA April 2004)

Greenland

last held on 17 February 1999 (next to be held by NA 2003)

Grenada

last held on 18 January 1999 (next to be held by NA October 2004)

Guadeloupe

General Council - last held 22 March 1998 (next to be held by NA 2004); Regional Council - last held 15 March 1998 (next to be held NA 2004)

Guam

last held 3 November 1998 (next to be held NA November 2000)

Guatemala

last held on 7 November 1999 (next to be held in November 2003)

Guernsey

last held 20 April 1994 (next to be held NA 2000)

Guinea

last held 11 June 1995 (next to be held NA 2000)

Guinea-Bissau

last held 28 November 1999 (next to be held by NA 2003)

Guyana

last held 15 December 1997 (next to be held by January 2001; this date was part of a negotiated settlement between the two main political parties following a dispute over the December elections)

Haiti

Senate - last held 25 June 1995, with reruns on 13 August and runoffs on 17 September, and an election for nine seats 6 April 1997 but results were disputed; next election for two-thirds of Senate postponed until May 2000; Chamber of Deputies - last held 25 June 1995, with reruns on 13 August and runoffs on 17 September (next Senate and Chamber of Deputies elections postponed until May 2000)

Honduras

last held on 30 November 1997 (next to be held 30 November 2001)

Hong Kong

last held 25 May 1998 (early elections scheduled to be held in September 2000)

Hungary

last held on 10 and 24 May 1998 (next to be held May/June 2002)

Iceland

last held on 8 May 1999 (next to be held by April 2003)

India

People's Assembly - last held 5 September through 3 October 1999 (next to be held NA 2004)

Indonesia

last held 7 June 1999 (next to be held NA June 2004)

Iran

last held 18 February-NA April 2000 (next to be held NA 2004)

Iraq

last held 24 March 1996 (next to be held NA March 2000)

Ireland

Senate - last held NA August 1997 (next to be held NA 2002); House of Representatives - last held 6 June 1997 (next to be held NA 2002)

Israel

last held 17 May 1999 (next to be held NA May 2003)

Italy

Senate - last held 21 April 1996 (next scheduled for NA April 2001); Chamber of Deputies - last held 21 April 1996 (next scheduled for NA April 2001)

Jamaica

last held 18 December 1997 (next to be held by March 2002)

Japan

House of Councillors - last held 12 July 1998 (next to be held NA July 2001); House of Representatives - last held 20 October 1996 (next to be held by October 2000)

Jersey

last held NA (next to be held NA)

Jordan

House of Representatives - last held 4 November 1997 (next to be held NA November 2001)

Kazakhstan

Senate - (indirect) last held 17 September 1999 (next to be held NA 2001); Majilis - last held 10 October 1999 (next to be held NA 2004)

Kenya

last held 29 December 1997 (next to be held between 1 December 2002 and 30 April 2003)

Kiribati

last held 23 September 1998 (next to be held by NA September 2002)

Korea, North

last held 26 July 1998 (next to be held NA 2003)

Korea, South

last held 11 April 1996 (next to be held 13 April 2000)

Kuwait

last held 3 July 1999 (next to be held NA 2003)

Kyrgyzstan

Assembly of People's Representatives - last held 5 February 1995 (next to be held 20 February 2000); Legislative Assembly - last held 5 February 1995 (next to be held 20 February 2000)

Laos

last held 21 December 1997 (next to be held NA 2002)

Latvia

last held 3 October 1998 (next to be held NA October 2002)

Lebanon

last held 18 August-15 September 1996 (next to be held NA 2000)

Lesotho

last held 23 May 1998 (next to be held in 2000; date to be determined by Interim Political Authority)

Liberia

Senate - last held 19 July 1997 (next to be held in NA 2006); House of Representatives - last held 19 July 1997 (next to be held in NA 2003)

Liechtenstein

last held on 2 February 1997 (next to be held by NA 2001)

Lithuania

last held 20 October and 10 November 1996 (next to be held NA October 2000)

Luxembourg

last held 13 June 1999 (next to be held by NA June 2004)

Macau

last held 22 September 1996 (next to be held by 15 October 2001)

Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic of

last held 18 October and 1 November 1998 (next to be held NA 2002)

Madagascar

National Assembly - last held 17 May 1998 (next to be held NA 2002)

Malawi

last held 15 June 1999 (next to be held NA 2004)

Malaysia

House of Representatives - last held 29 November 1999 (next to be held 3 November 2004)

Maldives

last held 20 November 1999 (next to be held NA November 2004)

Mali

last held 20 July and 3 August 1997 (next to be held in two rounds in 2002); note - much of the opposition boycotted the election

Malta

last held 5 September 1998 (next to be held by September 2003)

Man, Isle of

House of Keys - last held 21 November 1996 (next to be held NA November 2001)

Marshall Islands

last held NA November 1999 (next to be held NA November 2003)

Martinique

General Council - last held NA March 1994 (next to be held NA 2000); Regional Assembly - last held on 15 March 1998 (next to be held by March 2004)

Mauritania

Senate - last held 17 April 1998 (next to be held NA 2001); National Assembly - last held 11 and 18 October 1996 (next to be held NA 2001)

Mauritius

last held on 20 December 1995 (next to be held by December 2000)

Mayotte

last held 23 March 1997 (next to be held NA March 2000)

Mexico

Senate - last held 6 July 1997 for one-quarter of the seats; Chamber of Deputies - last held 6 July 1997 (the next legislative elections will coincide with the presidential election 2 July 2000)

Micronesia, Federated States of

elections for four-year term seats last held 2 March 1999 (next to be held NA March 2003); elections for two-year term seats last held NA March 1999 (next to be held NA March 2001)

Moldova

last held 22 March 1998 (next to be held spring 2002)

Monaco

last held 1 and 8 February 1998 (next to be held NA January 2003)

Mongolia

last held 30 June 1996 (next to be held NA June 2000)

Montserrat

last held 11 November 1996 (next to be held by NA 2001)

Morocco

Chamber of Counselors - last held 5 December 1997 (next to be held NA December 2000); Chamber of Representatives - last held 14 November 1997 (next to be held NA November 2002)

Mozambique

last held 3-5 December 1999 (next to be held NA 2004)

Myanmar

last held 27 May 1990, but Assembly never convened

Namibia

National Council - elections for regional councils, to determine members of the National Council, held 30 November-1 December 1998 (next to be held by December 2004); National Assembly - last held 30 November-1 December 1999 (next to be held by December 2004)

Nauru

last held 8 February 1997 (next to be held NA February 2000)

Nepal

House of Representatives - last held 3 and 17 May 1999 (next to be held NA May 2004)

Netherlands

First Chamber - last held 25 May 1999 (next to be held NA May 2003); Second Chamber - last held 6 May 1998 (next to be held May 2002)

Netherlands Antilles

last held 30 January 1998 (next to be held by NA 2002)

New Caledonia

last held 9 May 1999 (next to be held NA 2004)

New Zealand

last held 27 November 1999 (next must be called by November 2002)

Nicaragua

last held 20 October 1996 (next to be held NA 2001)

Niger

last held 24 November 1999 (next to be held NA 2004)

Nigeria

Senate - last held 20-24 February 1999 (next to be held NA 2003); House of Representatives - last held 20-24 February 1999 (next to be held NA 2003)

Niue

last held 19 March 1999 (next to be held NA March 2002)

Norfolk Island

last held 30 April 1997 (next to be held by May 2000)

Northern Mariana Islands

Senate - last held NA November 1997 (next to be held NA November 1999); House of Representatives - last held NA November 1997 (next to be held NA November 1999)

Norway

last held 15 September 1997 (next to be held NA September 2001)

Oman

last held NA October 1997 (next to be held NA October 2000)

Pakistan

Senate - last held 12 March 1997 (next to be held NA); National Assembly - last held 3 February 1997 (next to be held NA); note - no timetable has yet been given for elections following the military takeover

Palau

Senate - last held 11 November 1996 (next to be held NA November 2000); House of Delegates - last held 11 November 1996 (next to be held NA November 2000)

Panama

last held 2 May 1999 (next to be held May 2004)

Papua New Guinea

last held 14-28 June 1997 (next to be held NA June 2002)

Paraguay

Chamber of Senators - last held 10 May 1998 (next to be held NA May 2003); Chamber of Deputies - last held 10 May 1998 (next to be held NA May 2003)

Peru

last held 9 April 1995 (next to be held 9 April 2000)

Philippines

Senate - last held 11 May 1998 (next to be held 11 May 2001); House of Representatives - elections last held 11 May 1998 (next to be held 11 May 2001)

Pitcairn Islands

take place each December; last held NA December 1999 (next to be held NA December 2000)

Poland

Sejm elections last held 21 September 1997 (next to be held by NA September 2001); Senate - last held 21 September 1997 (next to be held by NA September 2001)

Portugal

last held 10 October 1999 (next to be held by NA October 2003)

Puerto Rico

Senate - last held 5 November 1996 (next to be held 7 November 2000); House of Representatives - last held 5 November 1996 (next to be held 7 November 2000)

Reunion

General Council - last held NA March 1994 (next to be held NA 2000); Regional Council - last held 15 March 1998 (next to be held NA 2004)

Romania

Senate - last held 3 November 1996 (next to be held fall 2000); Chamber of Deputies - last held 3 November 1996 (next to be held fall 2000)

Russia

State Duma - last held 19 December 1999 (next to be held NA December 2003)

Rwanda

the last national legislative elections were held 16 December 1988 for the National Development Council (the legislature prior to the advent of the Transitional National Assembly); no elections have been held for the Transitional National Assembly as the distribution of seats was predetermined by the Arusha peace accord

Saint Helena

last held 9 July 1997 (next to be held NA July 2001)

Saint Kitts and Nevis

last held 3 July 1995 (next to be held by July 2000)

Saint Lucia

House of Assembly - last held 23 May 1997 (next to be held NA 2002)

Saint Pierre and Miquelon

elections last held 20 March 1994 (next to be held NA April 2000)

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

last held 15 June 1998 (next to be held by NA May 2003)

Samoa

last held 26 April 1996 (next to be held by NA April 2001)

San Marino

last held 31 May 1998 (next to be held by NA May 2003)

Sao Tome and Principe

last held 8 November 1998 (next to be held NA November 2003)

Senegal

last held 24 May 1998 (next to be held NA May 2003)

Serbia and Montenegro

Chamber of Republics - last held 24 December 1996 (next to be held NA 2000); Chamber of Citizens - last held 3 November 1996 (next to be held NA 2000)

Seychelles

last held 20-22 March 1998 (next to be held by NA 2003)

Sierra Leone

last held 26-27 February 1996 (next to be held NA 2001)

Singapore

last held 2 January 1997 (next to be held by 2002)

Slovakia

last held 25-26 September 1998 (next to be held NA September 2002)

Slovenia

National Assembly - last held 10 November 1996 (next to be held in the fall of 2000)

Solomon Islands

last held 6 August 1997 (next to be held by August 2001)

South Africa

National Assembly and National Council of Provinces - last held 2 June 1999 (next to be held NA 2004)

Spain

Senate - last held 12 March 2000 (next to be held NA March 2004); Congress of Deputies - last held 12 March 2000 (next to be held NA March 2004)

Sri Lanka

last held 16 August 1994 (next to be held by August 2000)

Sudan

last held 6-17 March 1996 (next scheduled for NA 2000)

Suriname

last held 23 May 1996 (next to be held NA May 2000)

Swaziland

House of Assembly - last held 16 and 24 October 1998 (next to be held NA 2003)

Sweden

last held 20 September 1998 (next to be held NA September 2002)

Switzerland

Council of States - last held in 1999 (each canton determines when the next election will be held); National Council - last held 24 October 1999 (next to be held NA October 2003)

Syria

last held 30 November-1 December 1998 (next to be held NA 2002)

Taiwan

Legislative Yuan - last held 5 December 1998 (next to be held NA December 2001); National Assembly - last held 23 March 1996 (next to be held NA 2000)

Tajikistan

last held 26 February and 12 March 1995 (next to be held 27 February and 23 March 2000)

Tanzania

last held 29 October-19 November 1995 (next to be held NA October 2000)

Thailand

House of Representatives - last held 17 November 1996 (next scheduled to be held by 17 November 2000, but may be held earlier)

Togo

last held 21 March 1999 (next due to be held NA 2004)

Tonga

last held NA March 1999 (next to be held NA 2002)

Trinidad and Tobago

House of Representatives - last held 6 November 1995 (next to be held by December 2000)

Tunisia

last held NA October 1999 (next to be held NA 2004)

Turkey

last held 18 April 1999 (next to be held NA 2004)

Turkmenistan

People's Council - NA; Assembly - last held 12 December 1999 (next to be held NA 2004)

Turks and Caicos Islands

last held 4 March 1999 (next to be held by NA 2003)

Tuvalu

last held 26-27 March 1998 (next to be held by NA 2002)

Uganda

last held 27 June 1996 (next to be held NA 2001);

Ukraine

last held 29 March 1998 (next to be held NA 2002)

United Arab Emirates

none (Note: reviews legislation, but cannot change or veto)

United Kingdom

House of Lords - no elections; note - the newly-forming House of Lords may call for some elected seats; House of Commons - last held 1 May 1997 (next to be held by NA May 2002); note - in 1998 elections were held for a Northern Ireland Parliament (because of unresolved disputes among existing parties, the transfer of power from London to Northern Ireland came only at the end of 1999 and was rescinded in February 2000); in 1999 there were elections for a new Scottish Parliament and a new Welsh Assembly

United States

Senate - last held 2 November 1998 (next to be held 7 November 2000); House of Representatives - last held 2 November 1998 (next to be held 7 November 2000)

Uruguay

Chamber of Senators - last held 31 October 1999 (next to be held NA 2004); Chamber of Representatives - last held 31 October 1999 (next to be held NA 2004)

Uzbekistan

last held 5 December 1999 (next to be held NA December 2004)

Vanuatu

last held 6 March 1998 (next to be held NA 2002)

Venezuela

election for deputies to the new National Assembly are scheduled to be held in May 2000

Vietnam

last held 20 July 1997 (next to be held NA 2002)

Virgin Islands

last held 3 November 1998 (next to be held NA November 2000)

Wallis and Futuna

last held 16 March 1997 (next to be held NA March 2002)

Yemen

last held 27 April 1997 (next to be held NA April 2001)

Zambia

last held 18 November 1996 (next to be held NA October 2001)

Zimbabwe

last held 8-9 April 1995 (next to be held 24-25 June 2000)
 

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