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Executive branch / cabinet

This page shows the value of the Executive branch / cabinet information field for all countries in the Country Guide.

Notes on this field are available at the Information Field Notes page.

Albania

Council of Ministers nominated by the prime minister and approved by the president

Algeria

Council of Ministers appointed by the prime minister

American Samoa

NA

Andorra

Executive Council or Govern designated by the Executive Council president

Angola

Council of Ministers appointed by the president

Anguilla

Executive Council appointed by the governor from among the elected members of the House of Assembly

Antigua and Barbuda

Council of Ministers appointed by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister

Argentina

Cabinet appointed by the president

Armenia

Council of Ministers appointed by the prime minister

Aruba

Council of Ministers (elected by the Staten)

Australia

Cabinet selected from among the members of Federal Parliament by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister

Austria

Council of Ministers chosen by the president on the advice of the chancellor

Azerbaijan

Council of Ministers appointed by the president and confirmed by the National Assembly

Bahamas, The

Cabinet appointed by the governor general on the prime minister's recommendation

Bahrain

Cabinet appointed by the monarch

Bangladesh

Cabinet selected by the prime minister and appointed by the president

Barbados

Cabinet appointed by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister

Belarus

Council of Ministers

Belgium

Council of Ministers appointed by the monarch and approved by Parliament

Belize

Cabinet appointed by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister

Benin

Council of Ministers appointed by the president

Bermuda

Cabinet nominated by the premier, appointed by the governor

Bhutan

Council of Ministers (Lhengye Shungtsog) nominated by the monarch, approved by the National Assembly; members serve fixed, five-year terms (Note: there is also a Royal Advisory Council (Lodoi Tsokde), members nominated by the monarch)

Bolivia

Cabinet appointed by the president

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Council of Ministers nominated by the council chairmen (Note: President of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina: Ejup GANIC (since 28 December 1999; Vice President Ivo ANDRIC-LUZANIC (since 28 December 1999); note - president and vice president rotate every year; President of the Republika Srpska: vacant since Nikola POPLASEN was removed by the Office of the High Representative on 5 March 1999 (see Government note))

Botswana

Cabinet appointed by the president

Brazil

Cabinet appointed by the president

British Indian Ocean Territory

NA

British Virgin Islands

Executive Council appointed by the governor from members of the Legislative Council

Brunei

Council of Cabinet Ministers appointed and presided over by the monarch; deals with executive matters (Note: there is also a Religious Council (members appointed by the monarch) that advises on religious matters, a Privy Council (members appointed by the monarch) that deals with constitutional matters, and the Council of Succession (members appointed by the monarch) that determines the succession to the throne if the need arises)

Bulgaria

Council of Ministers elected by the National Assembly

Burkina Faso

Council of Ministers appointed by the president on the recommendation of the prime minister

Burundi

Council of Ministers appointed by president

Cambodia

Council of Ministers appointed by the monarch

Cameroon

Cabinet appointed by the president

Canada

Federal Ministry chosen by the prime minister from among the members of his own party sitting in Parliament

Cape Verde

Council of Ministers appointed by the president on the recommendation of the prime minister from among the members of the National Assembly

Cayman Islands

Executive Council (three members appointed by the governor, four members elected by the Legislative Assembly)

Central African Republic

Council of Ministers

Chad

Council of State, members appointed by the president on the recommendation of the prime minister

Chile

Cabinet appointed by the president

China

State Council appointed by the National People's Congress (NPC)

Cocos (Keeling) Islands

NA

Colombia

Cabinet

Comoros

Council of Ministers appointed by the president

Congo, Democratic Republic of the

National Executive Council, appointed by the president

Congo, Republic of the

Council of Ministers appointed by the president

Cook Islands

Cabinet chosen by the prime minister; collectively responsible to Parliament

Costa Rica

Cabinet selected by the president

Cote d'Ivoire

Council of Ministers appointed by the president

Croatia

Council of Ministers named by the prime minister and approved by the president and the House of Representatives

Cuba

Council of Ministers proposed by the president of the Council of State, appointed by the National Assembly (Note: there is also a Council of State whose members are elected by the National Assembly)

Cyprus

Council of Ministers appointed jointly by the president and vice president

Czech Republic

Cabinet appointed by the president on the recommendation of the prime minister

Denmark

Cabinet appointed by the monarch

Djibouti

Council of Ministers responsible to the president

Dominica

Cabinet appointed by the president on the advice of the prime minister

Dominican Republic

Cabinet nominated by the president

Ecuador

Cabinet appointed by the president

Egypt

Cabinet appointed by the president

El Salvador

Council of Ministers

Equatorial Guinea

Council of Ministers appointed by the president

Eritrea

State Council is the collective executive authority (Note: the president is head of the State Council and National Assembly)

Estonia

Council of Ministers appointed by the prime minister, approved by Parliament

Ethiopia

Council of Ministers as provided for in the December 1994 constitution; ministers are selected by the prime minister and approved by the House of People's Representatives

Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas)

Executive Council; three members elected by the Legislative Council, two ex officio members (chief executive and the financial secretary), and the governor

Faroe Islands

Landsstyri elected by the Faroese Parliament

Fiji

Cabinet appointed by the prime minister from among the members of Parliament and is responsible to Parliament (Note: there is also a Presidential Council that advises the president on matters of national importance and a Great Council of Chiefs which consists of the highest ranking members of the traditional chiefly system)

Finland

Council of State or Valtioneuvosto appointed by the president, responsible to Parliament

France

Council of Ministers appointed by the president on the suggestion of the prime minister

French Guiana

NA

French Polynesia

Council of Ministers; president submits a list of members of the Territorial Assembly for approval by them to serve as ministers

Gabon

Council of Ministers appointed by the prime minister in consultation with the president

Gambia, The

Cabinet is appointed by the president

Georgia

Cabinet of Ministers

Germany

Cabinet or Bundeskanzler appointed by the president on the recommendation of the chancellor

Ghana

Council of Ministers; president nominates members subject to approval by Parliament

Gibraltar

Council of Ministers appointed from among the 15 elected members of the House of Assembly by the governor in consultation with the chief minister (Note: there is also a Gibraltar Council that advises the governor)

Greece

Cabinet appointed by the president on the recommendation of the prime minister

Greenland

Landsstyre is formed from the Parliament on the basis of the strength of parties

Grenada

Cabinet appointed by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister

Guadeloupe

NA

Guam

executive departments; heads appointed by the governor with the consent of the Guam legislature

Guatemala

Council of Ministers named by the president

Guernsey

Advisory and Finance Committee appointed by the Assembly of the States

Guinea

Council of Ministers appointed by the president

Guinea-Bissau

NA

Guyana

Cabinet of Ministers appointed by the president, responsible to the legislature

Haiti

Cabinet chosen by the prime minister in consultation with the president

Holy See (Vatican City)

Pontifical Commission appointed by the pope

Honduras

Cabinet appointed by president

Hong Kong

Executive Council consists of three ex-officio members and 10 appointed members; ex-officio members are: Chief Secretary Anson CHAN (since 29 November 1993), Financial Secretary Donald TSANG (since 7 March 1995), and Secretary of Justice Elsie LEUNG (since 1 July 1997)

Hungary

Council of Ministers elected by the National Assembly on the recommendation of the president

Iceland

Cabinet appointed by the president

India

Council of Ministers appointed by the president on the recommendation of the prime minister

Indonesia

Cabinet

Iran

Council of Ministers selected by the president with legislative approval

Iraq

Council of Ministers (Note: there is also a Revolutionary Command Council or RCC (Chairman SADDAM Husayn, Vice Chairman Izzat IBRAHIM al-Duri) which controls the ruling Ba'th Party, and is the most powerful political entity in the country)

Ireland

Cabinet appointed by the president with previous nomination by the prime minister and approval of the House of Representatives

Israel

Cabinet selected by prime minister and approved by the Knesset

Italy

Council of Ministers nominated by the prime minister and approved by the president

Jamaica

Cabinet appointed by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister

Japan

Cabinet appointed by the prime minister

Jersey

committees appointed by the Assembly of the States

Jordan

Cabinet appointed by the prime minister in consultation with the monarch

Kazakhstan

Council of Ministers appointed by the president

Kenya

Cabinet appointed by the president

Kiribati

Cabinet appointed by the president from among the members of the House of Assembly, includes the president, vice president, attorney general, and up to eight other ministers

Korea, North

Cabinet (Naegak), members, except for the Minister of People's Armed Forces, are appointed by the Supreme People's Assembly

Korea, South

State Council appointed by the president on the prime minister's recommendation

Kuwait

Council of Ministers appointed by the prime minister and approved by the monarch

Kyrgyzstan

Cabinet of Ministers appointed by the president on the recommendation of the prime minister

Laos

Council of Ministers appointed by the president, approved by the National Assembly

Latvia

Council of Ministers nominated by the prime minister and appointed by the Parliament

Lebanon

Cabinet chosen by the prime minister in consultation with the president and members of the National Assembly; the current Cabinet was formed in 1998

Lesotho

Cabinet

Liberia

Cabinet appointed by the president and confirmed by the Senate

Libya

General People's Committee established by the General People's Congress

Liechtenstein

Cabinet elected by the Diet; confirmed by the monarch

Lithuania

Council of Ministers appointed by the president on the nomination of the premier

Luxembourg

Council of Ministers recommended by the prime minister and appointed by the monarch

Macau

Executive Council consists of all five government secretaries, three legislators, and two businessmen

Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic of

Council of Ministers elected by the majority vote of all the deputies in the Assembly; note - current cabinet formed by the government coalition parties VMRO-DPMNE, DA, and DPA

Madagascar

Council of Ministers appointed by the prime minister

Malawi

28-member cabinet named by the president

Malaysia

Cabinet appointed by the prime minister from among the members of Parliament with consent of the paramount ruler

Maldives

appointed by the president; note - need not be members of Majlis

Mali

Council of Ministers appointed by the prime minister

Malta

Cabinet appointed by the president on the advice of the prime minister

Man, Isle of

Council of Ministers

Marshall Islands

Cabinet selected by the president from among the members of Parliament

Martinique

NA

Mauritania

Council of Ministers

Mauritius

Council of Ministers appointed by the president on the recommendation of the prime minister

Mayotte

NA

Mexico

Cabinet appointed by the president with consent of the Senate

Micronesia, Federated States of

Cabinet

Moldova

selected by prime minister-designate, subject to approval of parliament

Monaco

Council of Government is under the authority of the monarch

Mongolia

Cabinet appointed by the State Great Hural in consultation with the president

Montserrat

Executive Council consists of the governor, the chief minister, three other ministers, the attorney general, and the finance secretary

Morocco

Council of Ministers appointed by the monarch

Mozambique

Cabinet

Myanmar

State Peace and Development Council (SPDC); military junta, so named 15 November 1997, which initially assumed power 18 September 1988 under the name State Law and Order Restoration Council; the SPDC oversees the cabinet

Namibia

Cabinet appointed by the president from among the members of the National Assembly

Nauru

Cabinet appointed by the president from among the members of Parliament

Nepal

Cabinet appointed by the monarch on the recommendation of the prime minister

Netherlands

Council of Ministers appointed by the monarch

Netherlands Antilles

Council of Ministers elected by the Staten

New Caledonia

Consultative Committee

New Zealand

Executive Council appointed by the governor general on the recommendation of the prime minister

Nicaragua

Council of Ministers appointed by the president

Niger

24-member cabinet appointed by President TANDJA

Nigeria

Federal Executive Council

Niue

Cabinet consists of the premier and three ministers

Norfolk Island

Executive Council is made up of four of the nine members of the Legislative Assembly; the council devises government policy and acts as an advisor to the Administrator

Northern Mariana Islands

NA

Norway

State Council appointed by the monarch with the approval of the Parliament

Oman

Cabinet appointed by the monarch

Pakistan

Cabinet appointed by the chief executive

Palau

Cabinet

Panama

Cabinet appointed by the president

Papua New Guinea

National Executive Council appointed by the governor general on the recommendation of the prime minister

Paraguay

Council of Ministers nominated by the president

Peru

Council of Ministers appointed by the president

Philippines

Cabinet appointed by the president with the consent of the Commission of Appointments

Pitcairn Islands

NA

Poland

Council of Ministers responsible to the prime minister and the Sejm; the prime minister proposes, the president appoints, and the Sejm approves the Council of Ministers

Portugal

Council of Ministers appointed by the president on the recommendation of the prime minister (Note: there is also a Council of State that acts as a consultative body to the president)

Puerto Rico

NA

Qatar

Council of Ministers appointed by the monarch

Reunion

NA

Romania

Council of Ministers appointed by the prime minister

Russia

Ministries of the Government or "Government" composed of the premier and his deputies, ministers, and other agency heads; all are appointed by the president (Note: there is also a Presidential Administration (PA) that provides staff and policy support to the president, drafts presidential decrees, and coordinates policy among government agencies; a Security Council also reports directly to the president)

Rwanda

Council of Ministers appointed by the president

Saint Helena

Executive Council consists of the governor, two ex officio officers, and six elected members of the Legislative Council

Saint Kitts and Nevis

Cabinet appointed by the governor general in consultation with the prime minister

Saint Lucia

Cabinet appointed by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister

Saint Pierre and Miquelon

NA

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

Cabinet appointed by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister

Samoa

Cabinet consists of 12 members, appointed by the chief of state with the prime minister's advice

San Marino

Congress of State elected by the Great and General Council for a five-year term

Sao Tome and Principe

Council of Ministers appointed by the president on the proposal of the prime minister

Saudi Arabia

Council of Ministers is appointed by the monarch and includes many royal family members

Senegal

Council of Ministers appointed by the prime minister in consultation with the president

Serbia and Montenegro

Federal Executive Council

Seychelles

Council of Ministers appointed by the president

Sierra Leone

Ministers of State appointed by the president with the approval of the House of Representatives; the cabinet is responsible to the president

Singapore

Cabinet appointed by the president, responsible to Parliament

Slovakia

Cabinet appointed by the president on the recommendation of the prime minister

Slovenia

Council of Ministers nominated by the prime minister and elected by the National Assembly

Solomon Islands

Cabinet appointed by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister from among the members of Parliament

South Africa

Cabinet appointed by the president

Spain

Council of Ministers designated by the president (Note: there is also a Council of State that is the supreme consultative organ of the government)

Sri Lanka

Cabinet appointed by the president in consultation with the prime minister

Sudan

Cabinet appointed by the president; note - President BASHIR's government is dominated by members of Sudan's National Islamic Front (NIF), a fundamentalist political organization formed from the Muslim Brotherhood in 1986; in 1998, the NIF created the National Congress as its legal front; the National Congress/NIF dominates much of Khartoum's overall domestic and foreign policies; President BASHIR named a new cabinet on 20 April 1996 which includes members of the National Islamic Front, serving and retired military officers, and civilian technocrats; on 8 March 1998, he reshuffled the cabinet and brought in several former rebel and opposition members as ministers; he reshuffled his cabinet again on 24 January 2000 but announced few changes

Suriname

Cabinet of Ministers appointed by the president from among the members of the National Assembly

Swaziland

Cabinet recommended by the prime minister and confirmed by the monarch

Sweden

Cabinet appointed by the prime minister

Switzerland

Federal Council or Bundesrat (in German), Conseil Federal (in French), Consiglio Federale (in Italian) elected by the Federal Assembly from among its own members for a four-year term

Syria

Council of Ministers appointed by the president

Taiwan

Executive Yuan appointed by the president

Tajikistan

Council of Ministers appointed by the president, approved by the Supreme Assembly

Tanzania

Cabinet ministers, including the prime minister, are appointed by the president from among the members of the National Assembly

Thailand

Council of Ministers (Note: there is also a Privy Council)

Togo

Council of Ministers appointed by the president and the prime minister

Tokelau

the Council of Faipule, consisting of three elected leaders, one from each atoll; functions as a cabinet

Tonga

Cabinet appointed by the monarch (Note: there is also a Privy Council that consists of the monarch and the Cabinet)

Trinidad and Tobago

Cabinet appointed from among the members of Parliament

Tunisia

Council of Ministers appointed by the president

Turkmenistan

Council of Ministers appointed by the president (Note: NIYAZOV's term in office was extended indefinitely on 28 December 1999 by the Assembly (Majlis) during a session of the People's Council (Halk Maslahaty))

Turks and Caicos Islands

Executive Council consists of three ex officio members and five appointed by the governor from among the members of the Legislative Council

Tuvalu

Cabinet appointed by the governor general on the recommendation of the prime minister

Uganda

Cabinet appointed by the president from among elected legislators

Ukraine

Cabinet of Ministers appointed by the president and approved by the Supreme Council (Note: there is also a National Security and Defense Council or NSDC originally created in 1992 as the National Security Council, but significantly revamped and strengthened under President KUCHMA; the NSDC staff is tasked with developing national security policy on domestic and international matters and advising the president; a Presidential Administration that helps draft presidential edicts and provides policy support to the president; and a Council of Regions that serves as an advisory body created by President KUCHMA in September 1994 that includes chairmen of the Kyyiv (Kiev) and Sevastopol' municipalities and chairmen of the oblasti)

United Arab Emirates

Council of Ministers appointed by the president (Note: there is also a Federal Supreme Council (FSC) which is composed of the seven emirate rulers; the council is the highest constitutional authority in the UAE; establishes general policies and sanctions federal legislation, Abu Zaby (Abu Dhabi) and Dubayy (Dubai) rulers have effective veto power; meets four times a year)

United Kingdom

Cabinet of Ministers appointed by the prime minister

United States

Cabinet appointed by the president with Senate approval

Uruguay

Council of Ministers appointed by the president with parliamentary approval

Uzbekistan

Cabinet of Ministers appointed by the president with approval of the Supreme Assembly

Vanuatu

Council of Ministers appointed by the prime minister, responsible to Parliament

Venezuela

Council of Ministers appointed by the president

Vietnam

Cabinet appointed by the president on the proposal of the prime minister and ratification of the National Assembly

Virgin Islands

NA

Wallis and Futuna

Council of the Territory consists of three kings and three members appointed by the high administrator on the advice of the Territorial Assembly (Note: there are three traditional kings with limited powers)

Yemen

Council of Ministers appointed by the president on the advice of the prime minister

Zambia

Cabinet appointed by the president from among the members of the National Assembly

Zimbabwe

Cabinet appointed by the president; responsible to the House of Assembly
 

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