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Navassa Island

(territory of the US)

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Location: Caribbean, island in the Caribbean Sea, about one-fourth of the way from Haiti to Jamaica

Geographic coordinates: 18 25 N, 75 02 W

Map references: Central America and the Caribbean

  total: 5.2 sq km
  land: 5.2 sq km
  water: 0 sq km

Area - comparative: about nine times the size of The Mall in Washington, DC

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 8 km

Maritime claims
  exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
  territorial sea: 12 nm

Climate: marine, tropical

Terrain: raised coral and limestone plateau, flat to undulating; ringed by vertical white cliffs (9 to 15 m high)

Elevation extremes
  lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
  highest point: unnamed location on southwest side 77 m

Natural resources: guano

Land use
  arable land: 0%
  permanent crops: 0%
  permanent pastures: 10%
  forests and woodland: 0%
  other: 90%

Irrigated land: 0 sq km (1998)

Natural hazards: NA

Environment - current issues: NA

Geography - note: strategic location 160 km south of the US Naval Base at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba; mostly exposed rock, but enough grassland to support goat herds; dense stands of fig-like trees, scattered cactus


Population: uninhabited (Note: transient Haitian fishermen and others camp on the island (July 2000 est.))


Country name
  conventional long form: none
  conventional short form: Navassa Island

Data code: BQ

Dependency status: unincorporated territory of the US; administered from Washington, DC, by the Fish and Wildlife Service, US Department of the Interior; in September 1996, the Coast Guard ceased operations and maintenance of Navassa Island Light, a 46-meter-tall lighthouse located on the southern side of the island; there has also been a private claim advanced against the island

Flag description: the flag of the US is used


Economy - overview: no economic activity



Ports and harbors: none; offshore anchorage only


Military - note: defense is the responsibility of the US

Transnational Issues

Disputes - international: claimed by Haiti

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Site Version 1.75 - Last updated December 20, 2006

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